How to improve tool life on 5 axis horizontal machining center
5 axis horizontal machining centers are becoming increasingly popular in the manufacturing industry because of their ability to perform multiple operations on a single machine. One of the main benefits of 5 axis horizontal machining centers is that they increase tool life. In this article, we will discuss how 5 axis horizontal machining centers can improve tool life and the benefits that come with it.
To understand how 5 axis horizontal machining centers can improve tool life, we first need to understand the concept of tool wear. Tool wear is an inevitable part of the machining process. When a tool cuts through material, it is subjected to stress, heat and friction. Over time, these factors lead to tool wear, which results in poor surface finish and reduced accuracy. In extreme cases, tool wear can even lead to tool failure, which can be dangerous for the operator and can damage the machine.
Methods to improve tool life on 5 axis horizontal machining centers:
(1) Reduce the stresses applied to the tool during the cutting process.
Traditional machining processes typically use a 3-axis approach, which means that the tool must be repositioned multiple times to complete the part. This constant repositioning puts additional stress on the tool, which leads to faster wear. With a 5 axis horizontal machining center, the tool can move in multiple directions without repositioning, reducing the stresses placed on the tool and ultimately extending its life.
(2) Provide better cutting conditions.
The angle at which the tool contacts the workpiece has a significant impact on tool wear. When the cutting angle is too steep, the tool generates higher heat and friction, which leads to faster wear. 5 axis horizontal machining centers allow for more efficient tool paths, provide better cutting angles and reduce stress on the tool.
Benefits of using a 5 axis horizontal machining center:
(1) Provides better chip evacuation.
When chips accumulate around the cutting tool, they cause additional friction and heat, which leads to faster tool wear. With a 5 axis horizontal machining center, chips can be easily removed from the cutting area, reducing friction and heat, and ultimately extending tool life.
(2) Allows the use of specialized tools.
Specialized tools, such as HSS tools or carbide tools, are designed for specific materials and operations. By using specialized tools on a 5 axis horizontal machining center, operators can achieve better results while reducing tool wear.
(3) Tool life can be extended through better control of cutting conditions.
These machines can precisely control factors such as speed, feed rate and depth of cut. By optimizing these parameters, operators can reduce the amount of wear and tear on the tool while still achieving high quality results.
In summary, 5 axis horizontal machining centers offer numerous advantages in terms of improving tool life. By reducing stress on the tool, providing better cutting conditions, better chip evacuation, allowing the use of specialized tools, and better control of cutting conditions, these machines can help extend the life of cutting tools while increasing efficiency and accuracy. As manufacturers continue to look for ways to improve their operations, 5 axis horizontal machining centers will undoubtedly play a larger role in the industry. For a more detailed look, feel free to contact us!